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Applied Anthropology

 

The High Plains Applied Anthropologist
2003 Articles

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An Anthropological Perspective on Magistrate Jelderks’ Kennewick Man Decision
Peter Jones and Darby Stapp
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 1 – 16
 

The “Kennewick Man” controversy is an extremely important case in the history of American anthropology. As anthropologists with backgrounds in American Indian studies and American archaeology, we have a particular interest in this case. In this paper we present our perspective on the Kennewick Man case as anthropologists with expertise in archaeology, Pacific Northwest precontact history, Plateau ethnology, and cultural resource law.


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Governing the Low-Income Self in Colorado’s Front Range
James A. Schechter
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 17- 33 

This paper focuses on the underbelly of “work” in America, unemployment, or lack of “work,” and its hidden transcript for some of the 39 million Americans experiencing poverty in America at the turn of the twenty-first century. Using Foucault's concept of “governmentality” (1991) and Cruikshank's notion of “technologies of citizenship” (1993), this paper examines “welfare reform” discourses promoted by the U.S. government that stress “self-sufficiency”; such discourses reconfigure low-income citizens’ relationship to the state, aligning individuals with federal interests via the endorsement of self-governance.

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Facing the Future of the Field: Northern Arizona University’s Graduate Program in Applied Anthropology
Emily Brelsford, Lyle Balenquah, Diane Bushley, Brendon Clark, Marissa Dominguez-Karchut, Amanda Johnson, and Tracy Meerwarth
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 80 – 88 

Applied anthropology’s focus on the practical applications of anthropological knowledge challenges anthropologists to observe and interact with the diversity of modern human existence. Accordingly, the discipline’s education and training curricula should reflect the changing focus and scope of anthropological inquiry. This paper highlights an applied anthropology program that acknowledges and actively encourages the dynamics and diversity of applied anthropology.

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Information Science in Tertiary Institutions: Excerpts from a Teaching Career Brian Mhango No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 94 – 95

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology is inherently a multidisciplinary science. Sustainable viability of this discipline depends on a number of allied disciplines. A generic context of GIS technology is presented below (Fig. 1).

An important aspect of sustainability for GIS teaching is the goodwill of governments and decision- makers supporting research in application of spatial information technology and its integration in society. Consequently, strategic keys to the future sustainability of geospatial information science education hinge on the benevolence of software developers and vendors.

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Education Initiative for Environment and Sustainable Development
Michael J. Scoullos
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 98 – 100

The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) offers a unique opportunity to take a new look at the ever-evolving framework for environmental education, to adjust our position, to express our expectations, and to describe briefly our future plans in promoting, in a concrete way, our ideas for environmental education and its contribution to sustainable development.

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International Cultural Marketing: A Concept Paper
Gordon Bronitsky
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 102 – 103

New Mexico has world-class cultural resources in traditional and contemporary art, music, dance, and more. New Mexico can do even more in international cultural marketing. The stakes are high.

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More Important Rs
Cetan Wanbli Williams
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 105

What three Rs are important to your education? Reading, wRiting, and aRithmetic, one might rightly proclaim, although it is my belief that three different Rs are more important to an individual’s education. Using these three alternative Rs I will explain my environmental education philosophy. The three R’s I will address are: Respect, Relations, and Responsibility.

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Chinese-Canadians, Canadian-Chinese: Coping and Adapting in North America, by Robert Guang Tian: Review
Dru C. Gladney
No. 1, Vol. 23, Spring, 2003 pp 107 – 108

Chinese-Canadians, Canadian-Chinese: Coping and Adapting in North America, published by the Edwin Mellen Press in 1999, marks a new watershed in the study of overseas Chinese and other diasporic refugee communities in that it has been produced by one of these new global citizens. The author, Dr. Robert Guang Tian, is a Chinese Canadian who arrived in Canada as part of the world-wide dispersion of young Chinese intellectuals following the infamous 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown.

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Biomedicine, Religion, and Ethnicity: Healing in a Hasidic Jewish Community
David J. Rozen
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 112 - 124

This article examines the utilization of the biomedical health-care system by Hasidic Jews. The history of the Jewish little community, the development of Hasidism, and migration to the U.S. are briefly reviewed. A Hasidic Jewish community is described in ethnographic terms with an emphasis on religious ritual and ethnomedical beliefs and practices.

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Latino Muslims in the United States: An Introduction The Gottfried and Martha Lang Student Prize Paper
Abbas Barzegar
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 126 - 129

In recent years discussion of the role of Islam in American society as portrayed in mainstream discourse has been mostly associated with the “war on terrorism;” As such, it has been concerned with political conflicts abroad and the threat of international terrorism. In doing so, however, the rise of Islam as a means of religious conversion in the United States has been downplayed if not completely ignored.

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Student Presentations from Deward Walker’s Applied Anthropology Class (ANTH 4510/5510) Affordable Housing for the Latino Community in Summit County, Colorado
Erin Underwood
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 147 – 163

This project focused on program design as a way of addressing affordable housing needs, specifically among the Latino population in Summit County, Colorado. I will define the need for affordable housing in Summit County, discuss the major obstacles to attaining affordable housing (especially in the Latino population), identify the major players in creating and providing affordable housing, and recommend plans that can work toward creating solutions to the problem. Finally, I will mention some possible obstacles that may affect the feasibility or complexities of the suggested solutions.

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Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies. Volume Five, Concept of Tribal Society Edited by Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera: Introduction
Lawrence F. Van Horn
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 167 – 168

Concept of Tribal Society is Volume Five in a Contemporary Society – Tribal Studies series intended by the editors to show the relevance of anthropology to everyday life. Another purpose is to provide an anthology in each instance that is soundly based upon ethnographic fieldwork, geographically and theoretically comparative, instructive to students, and useful by way of example to practitioners.

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Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies. Volume Five, Concept of Tribal Society Edited by Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera: Review
Richard W. Stoffle
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 169 – 171

This is a review of a new book entitled Concept of Tribal Society. Printed in New Delhi, India, the book would not normally reach many bookshelves of scholars in the United States unless it was specially highlighted. Thus, this review focuses on what is and is not contained in the book and what portions may be most useful to U.S. Scholars who are interested in tribal society.

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Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies. Volume Five, Concept of Tribal Society Edited by Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera: Review
David Ruppert
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 172 – 174

The concept of “tribe” has been both useful and problematic for anthropologists. While it provides the heuristically useful notion that a social group under study is bounded and self-contained, it too often encourages us to ignore the fluid reality of shifting ethnic identities and changes of group membership. Although useful as a means of classifying groups that may share identifiable cultural traits, it is often argued that the “tribe” may have no social reality but is a product of anthropological research methods.

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Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies. Volume Five, Concept of Tribal Society Edited by Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera: Review
Peter W. Van Arsdale
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 175 – 177

For those of us who cut our teeth on tribal studies, this book, edited by Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera, can serve both as a welcome theoretical refresher and an innovative pragmatic compilation. It contains a well-written introductory chapter which lays out the history of tribal studies from interactive – and at times contradictory– Euroamerican and Indian professional perspectives.

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Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies. Volume Five, Concept of Tribal Society Edited by Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera: Counterpoint
Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 178 - 179

Reviews of a multi-comment format are helpful indeed, since a number of facets can be articulated beyond individual preferences and experiences. In our reply we can also mention some of our past intentions omitted in the book itself. The common experience of both editors was that Indian anthropologists had been able to gather comparatively poor information about so-called tribal peoples beyond the South Asian subcontinent and meager knowledge about Indian tribes anywhere outside of this country.

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Building a Sustainable Enterprise: Engaging Debates and Debating Engagement
P.J. Puntenney
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 182 - 195

A vital dialogue is occurring addressing anthropology’s place in and interface with society at large. It has become evident that anthropology is at the transduction point between our knowledge of local systems and landscapes on one level, and that of a worldwide network of information, ideology, and justice on the other. Paradoxically, the human sciences are just beginning to understand the multidimensionality of the social dimensions of global environmental issues in terms of constantly changing interpretations of reality, cultural hybrids, identities, and the linking of knowledge with action. A new model for governance is emerging as a complementary principle to sustainability where the focus is on building civil society’s capacity to negotiate diversity.

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Anthropologists and Effective Resource Management
Lenora Bohren
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 pp 196 – 206

Effective management of subsistence agriculture is based on indigenous technical knowledge (ITK) of local ecosystems. Included in this knowledge are management techniques which produce effective adaptations to micro-environmental niches. New management techniques such as organic soil enhancement must be viewed in the context of relevant land-use practices and local environmental constraints.

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Bike Lust: Harleys, Women, and American Society by Barbara Joans: Review
Lawrence F. Van Horn
No. 2, Vol. 23, Fall, 2003 p 213

The annual motorcyclists’ run to Sturgis, South Dakota, prompted my interest in this book. The gathering is mentioned 9 times, mostly in the context of people who have been there and refer to it in their interviews with the author. Barbara Joans, unfortunately, has not been to Sturgis, so we have no ethnographic description of this rally.

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