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Socioeconomic growth is an elite-directed process that concentrates social power in direct proportion to increases in culture scale. Power-elites have used at least three different ways to control social power to their own advantage: 1) domestically by means of kinship; 2) politically by means of rulers; and 3) commercially by means of the market.
Going, Going, Gone: Selling Out the Homeowners
No. 1, Vol. 22, Spring, 2002 pp 20 -25
Inequities in housing conditions and political power among neighborhoods in a small, economically distressed city have been aggravated by a strategy of auctioning tax-delinquent properties. The city’s auction policies and their implementation are so flawed that they are reducing already low rates of homeownership, adding to the proliferation of vacant buildings and aggravating the financial losses from a shrinking tax base.
Fieldwork in Ecuador in the Time of “Cholera:” Contagion in National Disasters
No. 1, Vol. 22, Spring, 2002 pp 39 – 57
Ecuador experienced a great deal of turmoil in 1999 from floods provoked by El Nino (along with several volcanoes threatening eruption, provoking geophysical tremors) and severe economic problems with resultant political tremors. This article is a personal narrative of the human turmoil, mitigating behaviors, and coping strategies that I observed and experienced among middle-class urban residents of Quito and rural indigenous protestors.
Geographies of Power and Participatory Planning: Community Case Studies from Ecuador and the U.S.
Laurie J. Price and Fernando Moreno Arteaga
No. 1, Vol. 22, Spring, 2002 pp 58 – 67
Geographies of power are inscribed in urban streets and rural roads, in the design of public space, and in the availability of shelter. They also are inscribed in the mix of flora and fauna, or their disappearance, in the flow of water and the condition of the air. But pockets of resistance do exist to the bold inscription of power on the landscape. Participatory planning is an important weapon in that resistance, because together with certain other fields, applied anthropology has become involved with theories and methods of participatory planning.
Challenges to the Grassroots: The Use of Strategic Planning by Southern Progressives for Economic Development and Power Relations in the Lower Mississippi Delta
Stanley E. Hyland
No. 1, Vol. 22, Spring, 2002 pp 68- 74
This paper analyzes the causes for the shift toward the use of strategic planning by Southern Progressives and its implications for community-based groups through an examination of two major initiatives involving either a major federal or foundation program. Specifically, it examines the use of strategic planning in handling conflict with community-based groups as these groups attempt to gain more fiscal resources and decision-making authority in public policy.
Environmental Injustice as Manifested in the Building of Incinerators within the State of New Jersey
Dana K. Natale
No. 1, Vol. 22, Spring, 2002 pp 75 – 90
Data collected in collaboration with the New Jersey Grass Roots Environmental Organization Inc. are used to develop an operational definition of environmental justice that could be used by communities in evaluating government or industry proposals for environmentally controversial projects.
Culture, Geography, and the Anthropology of Work: Textual Understandings of Equilibrio and Solidaridad in the Mondragon (Basque) Cooperatives
No. 1, Vol. 22, Spring, 2002 pp 100 – 115
This essay showcases how members of the renowned Basque worker cooperatives in Mondragon extend their workplace ethos into local and regional communities in the form of general economic and community development which yields work as multiple geographies of power. This is an anthropology of work not yet found in the literature on these cooperatives or in the literature on interpretive anthropology because this form of anthropology stems from an integration of the two, as a “philosophic anthropology.”
Awareness, Action, Advocacy: Mobilizing a Paradigm, Tackling an Issue, Making a Difference The Omer C. Stewart Memorial Award of 2002
Peter W. Van Arsdale
No. 2, Vol. 22, Fall, 2002 pp 119 – 124
One of the greatest joys of my career has been working with students. Therefore, it is appropriate that the paradigm I have been developing during the past decade has been inspired and improved upon by them. Anna Lisa Montecalvo and Austin Fitzpatrick are among those students at the University of Denver’s Graduate School of International Studies who have helped me wrestle with what I call the “AAA paradigm.”
Composition in the Age of the Dot-Com: How One Virtual Community Served as a Collaborative Learning Group in Response to the Events of September 11, 2001-The Gottfried and Martha Lang Student Prize Paper
No. 2, Vol. 22, Fall, 2002 pp 148 – 156
The events of September 11, 2001, literally changed the world. In search of comfort and understanding, people turned to technology during this time of crisis – contacting family members via telephone or email, contributing to electronic memorials and charities, and discussing the events with others through electronic conversations. These conversations allowed people to vent their frustrations and fears over what was happening while sharing diverse perspectives through a global medium.
Gender and Reference Groups in Food Consumption Patterns Formatting: A Case Study in the Erskine College Cafeteria
Robert Guang Tian, Tami Boyce, Pamela Henry, and Pratik Shrivastava
No. 2, Vol. 22, Fall, 2002 pp 163 – 172
Many factors play roles in food choice. Gender is one of the most influential factors, but many other circumstances and situations also affect a person’s food consumption decisions. This paper examines how gender, along with consumer perception, attitude, and reference groups, can influence consumer behavior in the specific food service site of a college cafeteria.
The Concept of "Power" in Numic and Yuman Epistemology
Richard W. Stoffle and Maria Nieves Zedefio
No. 2, Vol. 22, Fall, 2002 pp 173 – 193
This paper is concerned with explaining why American Indians attach cultural significance to things (a gloss used here for objects, places, and resources)/ Even though individuals may refer to a range of cultural foundations to explain the rationale followed in assigning meaning to things, the general premise is that one of the primordial cultural foundations has to do with the concept of power, how it flows in the world and what humans should do to maintain balance with it. Philosophically, this type of concept is called an epistemological primitive-an idea about the world so basic that few people think of its existence, and if the truth of this existence were challenged they would simply respond bu saying, "of course it is true." An epistemological primitive underlies many aspects of culture and explains human behavior and, thus, holds the key to unraveling the roots of meaningfully constituted human landscapes or environments.
Making Environmental Justice Whole
No. 2, Vol. 22, Fall, 2002 pp 194 – 199
In response to the National Sierra Club’s “End Commercial Logging” initiative, the Santa Fe Group of the Sierra Club commissioned a report to document traditional forestry practices and investigate the environmental and social justice consequences of such a policy for Indo-Hispano communities in northern New Mexico. This paper is one chapter of the soon-to-be-published report.