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This paper explores the applied anthropology of disaster via the multiplicity of perspectives that people bring to, and create following, catastrophe. The point of departure is the fire in Worcester, Massachusetts, on December 3, 1999 in which six firefighters died.
Bodily Memory and the Politics of Remembrance: The Aftermath of Goiânia Radiological Disaster
Telma Camargo Da Silva
No. 1, Vol. 21, Spring, 2001 pp 40 – 52
Current studies on memory stress that images of the past are conveyed and sustained by multiple and conflicting experiences. In the case of radiation disaster, the process of remembering points to an intricate field of forces of secrecy, fear, responsibility, financial compensation, and health care monitoring programs. This paper focuses on the power dynamics of memory production in the aftermath of the 1987, Goiânia Radiological Disaster.
Men Facing Earthquakes: The Example of Rognes (Bouches-du-Rhône, France)
No. 1, Vol. 21, Spring, 2001 pp 53 – 61
This article’s purpose is to show that men, confronted by earthquakes, natural disasters of telluric origin, do not ignore them, as one would think a priori considering the scale and unpredictability of these events. On the contrary, humans socially appropriate them through cultural tools (ideal and material).
Indigenous Healing of War-Affected Children in Africa
Edward C. Green and Alcinda Honwana
No.1, Vol. 21, Spring, 2001 pp 94 - 97
Children in war-torn countries of Africa and elsewhere are often direct or indirect victims of violence and/or witnesses to various horrors associated with war. Children as young as seven or eight are forcibly conscripted and indoctrinated as child soldiers or porters in several African countries. Girls as well as boys often suffer, some being forced into sexual or other service at early ages.
Booker T. Washington National Monument: An Assessment and Alternative Interpretation
Willie L. Baber
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 124 – 135
In 1908 Booker T. Washington visited the formerly owned farmland of James and Elizabeth Burroughs, the same persons owning him as a slave until the 1865 emancipation when he gave a highly publicized speech. Many years later Louis R. Harlan and Park historians relied upon part of Washington’s speech in Hales Ford, Virginia, to support their interpretations of an ethnographic present, 1850 – 1865, a time frame that includes Washington’s years as a boy slave.
An alternative interpretation of Booker T. Washington National Monument is presented here.
Educational Performance in Ecuador’s Chota Valley: The Specter of Institutional Racism
Kevin E. Lucas
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 136 – 146
This contribution examines the inadequate and abnormal performance of the Escuela “Hernando Táquez,” a public primary school located in Ecuador’s predominantly black Chota Valley. The eight white teachers who work at this school conduct themselves in a manner that is so unprofessional that their motives are called into question – are these (white) teachers truly dedicated to providing their (black) students with an adequate education?
Impoverishment Risks and Reconstruction of Kali Gandaki Dam, Nepal
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 147 – 156
Displacement of local people by large infrastructure projects often results in the people’s impoverishment. This paper extracts the characteristics of involuntary resettlement in Kali Gandaki (KG) Dam which is the biggest infrastructure project of Nepal (the Project), financed by the Asian Development Bank. The author focuses on the principal impoverishment risks typical in dam construction. He explores the extent to which these risks became reality in Kali Gandaki and conversely the extent to which measures implemented by the project were successful in counteracting the risks.
Anthropological Approach to Consumer Science: A Practical Teaching Case Study
Robert Guang Tian
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 157 – 165
Anthropology is becoming an increasingly popular source from which to borrow tools to investigate marketing and consumer behavior. Not only do many anthropologists themselves conduct some marketing and consumer research, but more and more marketers are developing anthropological methods in their marketing practice and research.
A Method for Tracking Severely Emotionally Disturbed Children and Adolescents Through a State Mental Health System
Michael H. Moynihan, Peter W. Van Arsdale, George Kerin, Eric Curton, and William Madura
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 166 – 175
Cross-cultural issues affecting children and adolescents are gaining increased mention within the United States, in part because of tragic incidents such as those at Columbine High School in 1999. These issues also are raising concerns in part because of demands being placed on the human services system as mental health, social service, and youth corrections agencies vie for scarce state resources
American Indian Dance: Steps to Cultural Preservation
Barbara A. Hughes
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 176 – 181
Dance has been pivotal in providing American Indians with a method of cultural preservation, a religious connection, and a community function. Out of the traditional ceremonies of the past have grown the various styles of powwow dancing; other traditional ceremonies have been revived and are currently being practiced on the reservations. What follows is a discussion of the origins and modifications of some of those dances that have been resurrected and reformed to better suit the current lifestyle of American Indians.
Kurt T. Mantonya
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall 2001 pp 182 – 194
Growing up in Southeastern Kansas, I have been exposed to mining and the ecological impacts mining has created due to the leftover tailings. Areas such as Galena and West Mineral Kansas get their names from mining, and the impacts on the environment are still being felt even though subsurface mining ceased over 40 years ago. These impacts have even led to a site in northeast Oklahoma, Tar Creek, to be listed on the Environmental Protection Agencies list of Superfund sites. Mining practices throughout the world have an extremely poor history when it comes to the dispossession of indigenous people, issues of compensation, and violation of human rights.
Driving Culture Underground: Tourism and the Market Economy
No. 2, Vol. 21, Fall, 2001 pp 196 – 198
This article attempts to explain why the complexities of culture are lacking in the tourism literature. It suggests that the nature of the market economy has placed a greater emphasis on economics, and that because they are perceived as lacking in importance and difficult to measure, issues of culture are being omitted or pushed to the side in our published work.